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Currently, I teach grades , beginning band, and choir. Between teaching, spending time with my husband and two daughters, and blogging about ideas for the music room, life keeps me busy…but I love every minute!
I'm in my 22nd year of teaching elementary music. Between teaching, spending time with my husband and two daughters, and blogging about ideas for the music room, life keeps me busy Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly.
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It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Museon alueelta löytyy noin 70 rakennusta, mm. Hemmerin talossa järjestetään taidenäyttelyitä sekä kulttuuritapahtumia.
Viimeisimpien, v. Tämä merkitsisi, että Sulvan alueen asukasluku kasvaisi arviolta asukkaaseen vuoteen mennessä.
Väestöstä ruotsinkielisiä on n. Sukupuolijakauma, ikärakenne ja kielitilanne ilmenevät alla olevasta taulukosta. Sulvasta löytyy työpaikkoja vaihtelevasti, ja ne kattavat eri elinkeinoalat maanviljelystä teollisuuteen, aina palveluihin ja kunnallissektoriin.
Viimeisimpien Tilastokeskukselta saatujen tilastotietojen mukaan Sulvasta löytyi työpaikkaa. De flesta arbetsplatserna finns inom byggnadssektorn 65 st.
Primärnäringarna sysselsätter 56 personer. Inom tillverkningsindustrin finns endast 18 arbetsplatser. Suurin osa työpaikoista on rakennussektorilla 65 kpl.
Peruselinkeino työllistää 56 henkeä. Tuotantoteollisuuden alalta löytyy vain 18 työpaikkaa. Inom tillverkningsindustrin arbetade personer.
Därefter följde utbildningssektorn 96 pers , handelsbranschen 92 pers , byggnadsbranschen 73 pers , primärnäringarna 68 pers och transportbranschen 59 pers.
Työtä tekevän väestön lukumäärä Sulvalla oli vuonna henkeä. Koska työpaikkojen määrä kylässä kasvoi , tarkoittaa tämä että monet asukkaat käyvät töissä muualla, etupäässä Vaasassa.
Eniten työllistävä toimiala Sulvalla oli terveydenhuolto- ja sosiaalisektori kpl. Tuotantotalouden piirissä työskenteli henkeä. Näitä seurasi koulutussektori 96 henkeä , kaupan ala 92 henkeä , rakennusteollisuus 73 henkeä , peruselinkeinot 68 henkeä ja kuljetusala 59 henkeä.
Rakennussektori tarjoaa töitä monille sulvalaisille. Församlings- och föreningsliv spelar en viktig roll i byasamhället. Föreningarna stärker samhörigheten i byn och den karakteriseras ofta av ideell verksamhet och talkoanda.
Seurakunta- ja yhdistystoiminnalla on tärkeä rooli kyläyhteisössä. Sulvan yhdistykset ovat merkittäviä, koska niiden toiminta sitouttaa ja aktivoi niin nuoria kuin vanhojakin.
Yhdistykset vahvistavat kylän yhteenkuuluvuuden tunnetta, jota voitaisiin luonnehtia voittoa tavoittelemattomaksi ja talkoohenkiseksi. Hyviä esimerkkejä tästä ovat koulun viereen keskustaan rakennettu maauimala sekä urheilutuvan hiihtolatu.
Sulvalla toimii useita yhdistyksiä ja vapaa-ajan toimintaa on runsaasti. Osa yhdistyksistä toimii samalla myös tärkeinä yhteiskunnallisen vaikuttamisen väylinä.
Övriga aktörer, som har verksamhet i Solf: Muut Sulvalla sijaitsevat toimijat: Helsingbykören Korsholms 4H Korsholms vuxeninstitut Korsholms musikinstitut.
Kyselyn yhteenveto Keväällä Sulvan kylätoimikunta suoritti kyselyn sulvalaisten keskuudessa selvitääkseen millä tavoin he haluaisivat Sulvan kehittyvän tulevien vuosikymmenten aikana.
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The too-renowned Aliobiskarko Cantua is therefore a simple hoax : one might as well attribute Rule Britannia to Boadicea. Early in the twelfth century there was written a Latin Chronicle ascribed to Arch- bishop Turpin, an historical personage who ruled the see of Rheims some two hundred years before his false Chronicle was written.
However that may prove, no existing Basque song is much more than three hundred years old. He stands alone, isolated from his race.
Though he lived at Sare, in the Basses Pyr? But its vitality exceeds its reproductive force : it survives but does not multiply.
Spain's later invaders — Iberians, Kelts, Phoenicians, Greeks, Carthaginians, Alani, Suevi, Goths, and Arabs — have left but paltry traces on the prevailing form of Spanish speech, which derives from Latin by a descent more obvious, though not a whit more direct, than the descent of French.
So frail is the partition which divides the Latin mother from her noblest daughter, that late in the sixteenth century Fernando P6rez de Oliva wrote a treatise that was at once Latin and Spanish : a thing intelligible in either tongue and futile in both, though held for praiseworthy in an age when the best poets chose to string lines into a poly- glot rosary, without any distinction save that of antic dexterity.
For our purpose, the dawn of literature in Spain begins with the Roman conquest. All over Spain there arose the odiosa cantio, n", St Auciifitinn mill it, of Spanish children learning Latin ; and every school formed a fresh centre of Latin authority.
With their laws, the conquerors imposed their speech upon the broken tribes ; and these, in turn, invaded the capital of Latin politics and letters.
The breath of Spanish genius informs the Latinity of the Silver Age. Spanish literary aptitude, showing stronger in the pro- digious learning of the Elder Seneca, matures in the Itijo nant rhet oric and violent colouring of the Younger, in Lucan's declamatory eloquence and metallic music.
All these display in germ the characteristic points of strength and weakness which were to be developed in the evolution of Spanish literature ; and their influence on letters was matched by their countrymen's authority on affairs.
Qua nunc abibis in loca, PaUidula rigida nudula, Nee, ut soles, dabisjocos? Withal, individual success apart, the Spanish utterance of Latin teased the finer ear.
In Rome incorrections of speech were found where least expected. That Catullus shnnlH jftftf at Arrins — the forerunner of a London type — in the matter of aspirates is natural enough ; but even Augustus distressed the nice grammarian.
Inno- vation won the day. The century between Li vy and Tacitus shows differences of style inexplicable by the easy theory of varieties of temperament ; and the two centuries dividing Tacitus from St.
Augustine are marked by changes still more striking. This is but another illustration of the old maxim, that as the speed of falling bodies increases with distance, so literary de- cadences increase with time.
The Statelier sermo urbanus yielded to the sermo plebeius. Spanish soldiers had discovered " the fatal secret of empire, that emper- ors could be made elsewhere than at Rome " ; no less fatal was the discovery that Latin might be spoken without regard for Roman models.
As the power of classic forms waned, that of ecclesiastical examples grew. He clutches at, rather than grasps, the Roman verse tradi- tion, and, though he has no rhyming stanzas, he verges on rhyme in such performances as his Hymnus ad Galli Cantum.
It is doubtful whether the quantitative prosody, brought from Greece by lit- erary dandies, ever flourished without the circle of pro- fessional men of letters.
It is indisputable that the im- ported metrical rules, depending on the power of vowels and the position of consonants, were gradually super- seded by looser laws of syllabic quantity wherein accent and tonic-Stress were the main factors.
When the empire fell, Spain became the easy prey of northern barbarians, who held the country by the sword, and intermarried but little with its people.
No books, nO inscriptions of Gothic origin survive ; the Gongoristic letters ascribed to King Sisebut are not his work, and it is doubtful if the Goths bequeathed more than a few words to the Spanish vocabulary.
National sentiment was unborn. The clergy were alienated from their Gothic rulers. Gothic favourites were ap- j pointed to non-existent dioceses carrying huge revenues ; a single Goth held two sees simultaneously ; and, by way of balance, Toledo was misgoverned by two rival Gothic bishops.
Harassed by a severe penal code, t he Jew hailed the invading Arabs as a kindr ed, oriental, cir- cu mcised race ; and, with the heathen slaves, they went over to the conquerors.
So obscure is the history of the ensuing years that it has been said that the one thing certain is Roderic's name. The more warlike Spaniards, " Patient of toil, serene among alarms.
Inflexible in faith, invincible in arms. I foregathered with Pelayo by the Cave of Covadonga, near Oviedo, among the Pyrenean chines, which they held against the forces of the Berber Alkamah and the renegade Archbishop, Don Opas.
AstlirianJullsidfiS the spirit of Spanish nationality was thus nurtured amid convulsions, the less hardy inhabitants of the south accepted their defeat.
Moors similarly placed in Christian provinces were dubbed Mud6jares. The literary traditions of Seneca, Lucan, and their brethren, passed through the hands of mediocrities like Pomponius Mela and Columella, to be delivered to Gains Vettius Aquilinus Juveneusrwho gave a rendering of the gospels, wherein the Virgilian hexameter is aped with a certain provincial vigour.
Among the breed of learned churchmen shines the name of St. Yet, Christian though he be, the imperial spirit in him fires at the thought of the multitu- dinous tribes welded into a single people, and he plainly tells you that a Roman citizen is as far above the brute barbarian as man is above beast.
As disciple of St. Augustine, and comrade of St. Jerome, Orosius would be remembered, even were he not the earliest historian of the world.
Like Prudentius, Orosius blends the passion of universal empire with the fervour of local sentiment. And this vast union of diverse races, all speaking one single tongue, all re- cognising one universal law, Orosius calls by the new naine of Romania.
Gregory the Great. Braulius, Bishop of Zaragoza, lives as the editor of his master Isidore's posthumous writings, and as the author of a hymn to that national saint, Millan.
Nor should we omit the names of St. Eugenius, a realist versifier of the day, and of St. Valerius, who had all the poetic gifts save the accomplishment of verse.
Naturalised foreigners, like the Hungarian St. Martin of Dumi, Archbishop of Braga, lent lustre to Spain at home.
Spaniards, like Claude, Bishop of Turin, and like Prudentius Galindus, Bishop of Troyes, carried the national fame abroad : the first in writings which prove the permanence of Seneca's tradition, the second in polemics against the pantheists.
Doubtless in Spain, as elsewhere, much curious learning and inso- lent ignorance throve jowl by jowl. Like enough, some Spanish St.
Ouen wrote down Homer, Menander, and Virgil as three plain blackguards ; like enough, the Spanish biographer of some local St Bavo confounded Tityrus with Virgil, and declared that Pisistratus' Athenian contemporaries spoke habitually in Latin.
The conceit of ignorance is a thing eternal. Withal, from the age of Prudentius onward, literature was sustained in one or othSr shape.
For a century after Tarik's landing there a pause, unbroken save for the Chronicle of the anony- mous Cordoban, too rashly identified as Isidore Pacensis.
C6rdoba's fame, as the world's fine flower. Thomas of Aquin. A stinging epigram summarises his achievement by saying that he philosophised the Talmud and talmudised philosophy.
In his Vad ha-Hazakah The Strong Hand Maimonides seeks to purge the Talmud of its pilpulim or casuistic commentaries, and to make the book a sufficient guide for practical life rather than to leave it a dust-heap for intellectual scavengers.
Hence he tends to a rational- istic interpretation of Scriptural records. This reaction was headed by apother , Spaniard, the C atalan m vstic.
If their own countrymen failed to understand these poets, it would be surprisirlg had their stilted artifice filtered into Castilian.
It is un- scientific, and almost unreasonable, to assume that what baffles the greatest Arabists of to-day was plain to a wan- dering mummer a thousand, or even six hundred, years ago.
There is, however, a widespread belief that the metrical form of the Castilian romance a simple lyrico- narrative poem in octosyllabic assonants derives from Arabic models.
This theory is as untenable as that which attributed Provencal rhythms to Arab singers. No less erroneous is the idea that the entire assonantic system is an Arab invention.
To father Spanish romances and Provencal trobas upon them is a mere freak of fancy. The tacit basis of this theory is that the Span- iards took a rare interest in the intellectual side of Arab life; but the assumption is not justified by evidence.
Save in a casual passage, as that in the CrSnica General on the capture of Valencia, the Castilian historians steadily ignore their Arab rivals.
On the other hand, there is a class of romances fronterizos border ballads , such as that on the loss of Alhama, which is based on Arabic legends ; and at least one such ballad, that of Abenamar, may be the work of a Spanish-speaking Moor.
But these are isolated cases, are exceptional solely as regards the source of the subject, and nowise differ in form from the two thousand other ballads of the Roman-- ceros.
To find a case of real imitation we must pass to the fifteenth century, when that learned lyrist, the Marques de Santillana, deliberately experiments in the measures of an Arab zajaly a performance matched by a surviving fragment due to an anonymous poet in the Cancionero de Linares.
These are metrical audacities, resembling the revival of French ballades and rondeatix by artificers like Mr.
Dobson, Mr. Gosse, and Mr. Henley in our own day. This is not to say that Arabic popular poetry had no influence on such popular Spanish verse as the coplaSy of which some are appa- rently but translations of Arabic songs.
To this extent, in common with the rest of Europe, Spain owes the Arabs a debt which her picaresque novels and comedies have more than paid ; but here again the Arab acts as a mere middleman, taking the story of Kalilah and Dimna from the Sanskrit through the Pehlevi version, and then passing it by way of Spain to the rest of the Continent.
Nor should it be over- looked that Spaniards, disguised as Arabs, shared in the work of interpretation.
Patriots would per- suade you that the Arabs brought nothing to the stock of general culture, and the more thoroughgoing insist that the Spaniards lent more than they borrowed.
But the point may be pressed too far. Apart from the evidence of Paulus Alvarus Cor- yflubiensis, St. Nor can it be pleaded that this zeal was invariably due to official pressure : on the contrary, a caliph went the length of forbidding Spanish Jews and Christians to learn Arabic.
Yet, even so, the rude Latin of the unconquered north remained well-nigh intact. Save in isolated centres, it was spoken by countless Christians and by the Spaniards who had escaped to the African province of Tingitana.
Vast deduction must be made from the jeremiads of Paulus Alvarus Cordubiensis. Arabs tended more and more to ape the dress, the arms, the customs of the Spaniards ; and the Castilian-speaking Arab — the moro latinado — multiplied prodigiously.
When Archbishop Raimundo founded his College of Translators at Toledo, where Dominicus Gundisalvi collaborated with the convert Abraham ben David Johannes Hispalensis , it might have seemed that the preservation of Arabic and Hebrew was secure.
There and then, there could not have occurred such a blunder as that immortal one of the Capuchin, Henricus Seynensis, who lives eternal by mis- taking the Talmud — " Rabbi Talmud " — for a man.
But no Arab work endures. And as with Arab philosophy in Spain, so with the Arabic language : its soul was required of it. Hebrew, indeed, was not forgotten ; and for Arabic,, a revival might be expected during the Crusades.
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